“G-d spoke to Moshe and said to him, ‘I am Hashem. I appeared to Avraham, to Yitzhak, and to Yaakov as El Shaddai, but with My Name Hashem I did not make Myself known to them.” (Chapter 6, verses 2-3) Rashi explains that when the verse says G-d spoke it means that He rebuked Moshe for his complaint at the end of last week’s parsha where he said, “My Lord, why have You done evil to this people, why have you sent me?” (Chapter 5, Verse 22)
Based on this verse, which mentions two of God’s Names, Elokim and Hashem (Elokim refers to G-d’s attribute of judgement, and the name Hashem refers to his attribute of mercy), Rebbe Noson teaches us a very powerful teaching about faith which we can all apply to our lives today. Truthfully, Rebbe Noson says, if everyone would listen to the voice of the true Tzaddikim and walk in the path of always believing that everything Hashem does is for our best, and to always praise and thank Hashem, whether when things are good or bad; surely all of the sorrows and exiles would be nullified completely and the full redemption would already come. However, the main thing which delays the redemption in general and each person’s private redemption is all of those who argue against and oppose a person, which is the aspect of Datan and Aviram, who came out and stood against Moshe, and said, “Who appointed you… as a judge over us?” Truly, even though all of a person’s suffering is eventually nullified through this advice of living with gratitude, nevertheless there is an opposing force which gets stronger as a person grows in faith which wants to overtake a person completely and cause him to give up on his redemption, G-d forbid. This aspect of argument and disagreement comes from the fact that there are many different actions and a multitude of details in the world, and therefore it is hard for a person to see that everything is only from one source, Hashem. However, Rebbe Nachman explains in Likutei Moharan that all of the tremendous amount of actions and the many details in the world are all really included in Hashem’s unity and oneness (2nd Torah, 2nd Part). By way of gratitude and praising Hashem, we help reveal this aspect of faith in the world. Pharaoh asked, ‘Who is Hashem?’ because in his arrogance he didn’t believe in Hashem. However, G-d showed through the miracles of the Exodus, the Ten Plagues, that all of the different actions and details in the world all come from Him. Everything is actually included in his unity, both the name Elokim and the name Hashem.
Personally, I remember several years ago my wife and I being in the nisayon of wanting more children, praying for more children, and feeling the pain of waiting for it to come. Our older daughter was already four years old. I received at the time a pamphlet collected from the teachings of a big Rabbi here in Israel where he talked about the importance of gratitude. He said that we should even thank Hashem for those things which are difficult and painful for us, because it expresses our faith that truly everything is for our best and that even in the difficulty Hashem is with us. After reading that, I tried to increase my expressions of gratitude to Hashem in personal prayer, thanking Him also for the challenge of waiting again for another child and thanking Him for the blessing of our first daughter. I really felt like it gave me the strength to continue wanting, praying and believing that we would merit more children. It also helped me shift my focus from the pain to seeing the blessings which I already had in my life.
On a simple level, being thankful to Hashem helps us to see all of the endless times he helps us when we need help, and to see all of the blessings he gives us. When we work on thanking and praising Hashem more, this helps us to see Him more and more in our lives. Our (spiritual) eyes begin to see a different picture. We can feel his loving presence more as we go through all of the challenges in our lives. This is the aspect of the final redemption, when everything will turn around for the best and we will be redeemed from the suffering of the exile. This is seeing the one and only Hashem in all of the many, changing actions and circumstances.
 In Parshat Shemot, Moshe saw Datan and Aviram fighting, when he tried to intervene and stop the argument they spoke out against him (Chapter 2, Verses 13-14)
 Challenge or difficulty
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So may it be!
כן יהי רצון
Thank you Moshe for sharing/teaching this lesson in gratitude from Rebbe Noson with your personal story. We human beings don’t need lessons in how to complain. We seem quite adept at this unhealthy activity. We need to review over and over again how to be grateful and that with the switch of our own choice we can immediately change our focus to health and well being. Hashem loves us and wants us to choose happiness/gratitude/and worthy activities that help others and this world. We’re all servants of hashem. עבדו את ה’ בשמחה!